Organic Food Farming in India
Organic farming has been emerged as a beneficial and efficient technique of obtaining qualitative and healthy food produces that is why it also acts as eco-friendly farming system. This method has some beneficial features discussed below (Maity et al., 2004).
- Retains the soil fertility by supplying the sufficient organic manures.
- Organic farming prevents the weed, disease and pest effect of crop production.
- Necessary organic nutrients supplied to the crops.
- Farming system has no bad impact on environment and conserves the natural habitants
Organic farming considered as a good practice and used for producing the high quantity of food with reliable nutritional value. Production of high quality of organic vegetables depends upon the minimal use of chemical fertilizers. Main aim of organic farming practices to increase the availability of healthy organic vegetables. Some strategies have been followed for obtaining the required production for fulfilling the global demand.
- Organic farming of vegetables should follow a pattern based on scientific research which should be based on long term evaluation of all organic input substance
- Research oriented production technology which can be easily adopted by the local agricultural producer (marginal or semi marginal) should be essential for enhancing the food production.
- Advance technique should be practiced for recommending the fertilizers amount and time period after which fertilizers should be applied in the agriculture field. Research also should be emphasized on the advance packaging of organic vegetables which can maintain the freshness of the vegetable up to long time.
- Researchers stated that Organic foods are better in terms of health and safety than the inorganic foods but in the lack of intensive study and research about nutritional and taste characteristics has not been described properly. So the intensive focus on the study of nutritional properties and sensory characteristics of organic food is required
Demand of vegetables in the domestic and global market is very high because of rich nutrition value (high amount of minerals, fiber, vitamins, carbohydrate and calcium). India has been producing 11.4% vegetables of the total world production and placed at second larger producer of vegetables (Rai and Pandey, 2005).According to research data, 250 million tones vegetables will be required to fulfill the per capita need by 2020. Increasing the productivity is very necessary because of agricultural land has been reducing with continuous growth of population. For removing the feeding problem and getting healthy vegetables without exploiting the water resources, environment and soil health, organic farming is the most sustainable and eco friendly vegetable production method. The market of organic farming is spreading at the rate of 20% instead of 5% in the case of conventional farming. For India, growing of organic vegetables has a large scope in the sense of export market demand
Promotion of Organic Farming in India Promotion of Organic Farming in India
- For improving the condition of organic agriculture, excellent technical approach with skilled network between throughout the country is necessary for fully implementation of organic farming in the entire country (Anonymous, 1998).
- Entire necessary theoretical and practical aspects of organic farming should be proper documented and at once modified if any new concept has been developed. For applying the intensive concept of organic farming and its application, the syllabus of organic agriculture should be introduced in course curriculum of college and institute level which helps in better understanding and enriching the knowledge of organic methods of agriculture. Frequent demonstration of organic methods and its application procedure should be organized by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Non-Government Organizations and other autonomous body